Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the “City of the Incas”, it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
Separated into three areas – agricultural, urban, and religious – the structures are arranged so that the function of the buildings matches the form of their surroundings. The agricultural terracing and aqueducts, take advantage of the natural slopes; the lower areas contain buildings occupied by farmers and teachers, and the most important religious areas are located at the crest of the hill, overlooking the lush Urubamba Valley thousands of feet below.
Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, tourists come to Cusco from different parts of world to see Machu Picchu, which is currently being the main tourist attraction in Peru.
Getting to Machu Picchu, the traditional and most common is by train from Cusco to the village station of Machu Picchu (Aguas Calientes). Another alternative is the Inca Trail, trekking. No roads, no cars or buses, no airport.
You can find 5 star class hotels to comfortable accommodations, there are also restaurants of Peruvian and international food, Indian markets with crafts and gifts, shopping and basic public services.
Dare to discover the world of the Incas!